Frederick Douglass escaped slavery and went on to become a leader of the abolitionist movement. His work in the movement in Massachusetts and New York led to him becoming famous for his oratory and antislavery writings. Later in life he would join President Rutherford B. Hayes' administration as the marshal of the District of Columbia. It was the first time a black man successfully received a federal position which required Senate approval. He was also the first African American to receive a vote for president by a major political party.
The Frederick Douglass National Historic Site preserves Douglass' home and estate and pays tribute to this great African American leader.